Friday, June 13th. Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ according to St Matthew 5:27-32.
Friday of the Tenth week in Ordinary Time
13 JUNE 2014
“You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.'”
Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ according to Saint Matthew 5:27-32.
You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’
But I say to you, everyone who looks at a woman with lust has
already committed adultery with her in his heart.
If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away.
It is better for you to lose one of your members than to have your
whole body thrown into Gehenna.
And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away.
It is better for you to lose one of your members than to have your whole body go into Gehenna.
It was also said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife must give her a bill of divorce.’
But I say to you, whoever divorces his wife (unless the marriage is unlawful)
causes her to commit adultery, and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.
Commentary of the day
Pope from 1963-1978
Address of 04/05/1970 to the Équipes Notre Dame
(© copyright Libreria Editrice Vaticana)
«God created man in his image…, man and woman he created them » (Gn 1,27)
As holy Scripture teaches us, before being a sacrament marriage is a great, earthly reality. “God created man in his image; in the image of God he created him, man and woman he created them.” We always have to go back to that first page of the Bible if we would understand what is, what should be a human couple, a home… The duality of the sexes has been willed by God that, together, man and woman might be in the image of God and, like him, a source of life: “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth and subdue it” (v.28). A careful reading of the prophets, the Wisdom books, the New Testament, shows us, besides, the meaning of this fundamental reality and teaches us not to reduce it to physical desire… but to discover in it the complementarity of man and women’s values, the greatness and the fragility of conjugal love, its fruitfulness and its openness to the mystery of God’s plan of love. Today this teaching retains all its value and arms us against temptations to a destructive eroticism…
As Christians know, human love is good in its origins and if, like everything in man, it is wounded and deformed by sin, it finds healing and redemption in Christ… How many couples have found their way to sanctity in their conjugal life, in that community of life that is the only one to be founded on a sacrament! Work of the Holy Spirit, baptismal rebirth makes “, “a new creation” of us, “so that we too might live in newness of life” (cf Tt 3,5; Gal 6,15; Rm 6,4). In this great work of renewing all things in Christ, marriage too, purified and renewed, becomes a new reality, a sacrament of the New Covenant. And see how, at the threshold of the New Testament as at the entrance to the Old, there stands a couple. But whereas that represented by Adam and Eve was the source of the evil unleashed on the world, that of Joseph and Mary is the summit from which holiness spreads over all the earth.
Pope Paul VI
Pope Paul VI (Latin: Paulus VI), born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini (Italian pronunciation: [dʒioˈvani baˈtista enˈriko antoˈnjo maˈrja monˈtini]; 26 September 1897 – 6 August 1978), reigned from 21 June 1963 to his death in 1978. Succeeding Pope John XXIII, he continued the Second Vatican Council which he closed in 1965, implementing its numerous reforms, and fostered improved ecumenical relations with Eastern Orthodox and Protestants, which resulted in many historic meetings and agreements.
Montini served in the Vatican’s Secretariat of State from 1922 to 1954. While in the Secretariat of State, Montini and Domenico Tardini were considered as the closest and most influential co-workers of Pope Pius XII, who in 1954, named him Archbishop of Milan, the largest Italian diocese, while not naming Montini a cardinal, a designation that traditionally accompanies the position; Montini automatically became the Secretary of the Italian Bishops Conference. John XXIII elevated him to the College of Cardinals in 1958, and after the death of John XXIII, Montini was considered one of his most likely successors. In fact, John XXIII had sent oblique signals during his papacy that Montini would make a fine pope.
Montini, upon his election to the papacy, took the pontifical name Paul VI to indicate a renewed worldwide mission to spread the message of Christ, therefore, being the most recent pontiff to date to take that pontifical name. He re-convoked the Second Vatican Council, which was automatically closed with the death of John XXIII, and gave it priority and direction. After the council had concluded its work, Paul VI took charge of the interpretation and implementation of its mandates, often walking a thin line between the conflicting expectations of various groups within Catholicism. The magnitude and depth of the reforms affecting all fields of Church life during his pontificate exceeded similar reform policies of his predecessors and successors.
Paul VI was a Marian devotee, speaking repeatedly to Marian congresses and mariological meetings, visiting Marian shrines and issuing three Marian encyclicals. Following his famous predecessor Saint Ambrose of Milan, he named Mary as the Mother of the Church during the Second Vatican Council.
Paul VI sought dialogue with the world, with other Christians, other religions, and atheists, excluding nobody. He saw himself as a humble servant for a suffering humanity and demanded significant changes of the rich in North America and Europe in favour of the poor in the Third World. His positions on birth control (see Humanae Vitae) and other issues were often controversial, especially in Western Europe and North America.
His pontificate took place during many significant world events, e.g. the John F. Kennedy assassination of November 1963 just five months after becoming pope, the Vietnam War, the millennium anniversary of the baptism of Poland in 1966, the student revolts, the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, the continued breakup of the British Empire, the continued push for civil rights in the US and the advent of the contraceptive pill, legal abortion, increased marital separation, annulments, divorce and homosexual rights movements in many developed countries in the wake of their sexual revolutions, as well as increased crime and drug abuse in these countries.
Paul VI died on 6 August 1978, the Feast of the Transfiguration, in Castel Gandolfo, after a period of ill health. As per his will, he was buried in the grottos of the Vatican not in an ornate tomb, but a grave in the ground as he wished. The diocesan process for the beatification of Paul VI began on 11 May 1993, and so he was given the title “Servant of God”. The diocesan process concluded its business in 1998.
On 20 December 2012, Pope Benedict XVI, in an audience with the Cardinal Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, declared that the late pontiff had lived a life of heroic virtue, which means that he can now be called “Venerable”.
A miracle attributed to the intercession of the late pope discovered and was approved on 9 May 2014 by Pope Francis in an audience with the Cardinal Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints. The beatification ceremony for Paul VI shall be held on 19 October 2014, which means that he will be called “Blessed”.
Pope Paul VI
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
St. Anthony of Padua,
Priest and Doctor of the Church (1195-1231)
SAINT ANTONY OF PADUA
Priest and Doctor of the Church
In 1221 St. Francis held a general chapter at Assisi; when the others dispersed, there lingered behind, unknown and neglected, a poor Portuguese friar, resolved to ask for and to refuse nothing.
Nine months later, Fra Antonio rose under obedience to preach to the religious assembled at Forli, when, as the discourse proceeded, “the Hammer of Heretics,” “the Ark of the Testament,” “the eldest son of St. Francis,” stood revealed in all his sanctity, learning, and eloquence before his rapt and astonished brethren.
Devoted from earliest youth to prayer and study among the Canons Regular, Ferdinand de Bulloens, as his name was in the world, had been stirred, by the spirit and example of the first five Franciscan martyrs, to put on their habit and preach the Faith to the Moors in Africa.
Denied a martyr’s palm, and enfeebled by sickness, at the age of twenty-seven he was taking silent but merciless revenge upon himself in the humblest offices of his community. From this obscurity he was now called forth, and for nine years France, Italy, and Sicily heard his voice, saw his miracles, and men’s hearts turned to God.
One night, when St. Antony was staying with a friend in the city of Padua, his host saw brilliant rays streaming under the door of the Saint’s room, and on looking through the keyhole he beheld a little Child of marvellous beauty standing upon a book which lay open upon the table, and clinging with both arms round Antony’s neck. With an ineffable sweetness he watched the tender caresses of the Saint and his wondrous Visitor. At last the Child vanished, and Fra Antonio, opening the door, charged his friend, by the love of him whom he had seen, to “tell the vision to no man” as long as he was alive.
Suddenly, in 1231, our Saint’s brief apostolate was closed, and the voices of children were heard crying along the streets of Padua, “Our father, St. Antony, is dead.” The following year, the church-bells of Lisbon rang without ringers, while at Rome one of its sons was inscribed among the Saints of God.
Lives of the Saints, by Alban Butler, Benziger Bros. ed.